The town of Dubno in western Ukraine was the scene of a horrifying massacre of Jews.
Near the town's airstrip, the SS and Ukrainian troops herded scores of Jewish men. women and children into three previously dug deep pits each 30 metres long and 3 metres deep, and then shooting them to death.
For days the grizzly work of the SS continued, killing 1,500 persons daily until over 5,000 helpless victims had been shot. In the pits, the bodies were piled up row upon row and then covered with layers of earth.
At one point, this massacre was witnessed by Captain Axel von dem Bussche an officer in the elite 9th Infantry Regiment which had no Nazi officers in its ranks. Distressed by what he had seen at Dubno, Bussche immediately volunteered to personally assassinate Hitler when Colonel Claus Von Stauffenberg recruits him into the Conspiracy.
This attempt on the Führer's life fails.
Photo: Axel Freiherr von dem Bussche-Streithorst